The technology advances slowly and continuously in all areas. In the automotive field, little news appears with each launch. In the ’70s, the first models with automatic transmission and air conditioning appeared.
The next decade is remembered for the rise of electronic injection and glazing, latches and electric mirrors. Following the opening of imports in 1990 vehicle safety took a big leap with electronic assistive devices and airbags.
In the 2000s, the popularization of turbo and hybrid powertrains stood out. Slowly, dozens of improvements have transformed the self-driven cars we drive discreetly.
At the end of the development process, mankind enjoys its benefits and seldom wants to return to its former condition. With self-guided vehicles, it will be no different as millions of drivers around the world earnestly want to get rid of the wheel and the costs and labour of ownership of a car.
This article discusses eight advantages of standalone car driving technology after its full deployment.
1 – Reduction of congestion
By organizing the flow of cars, it is possible to double or even triple the number of vehicles travelling on the same route compared to those driven by humans.
In a traffic flow controlled by a central system, vehicles must inform about their origin and destination, delegating the task of driving to the road computer system or in other words we may call it autopilot cars.
Just as the commands flow in the central system, in the same way, commands of opening and closing of traffic lights and route and conversion scheduling flow.
Like centrally controlled flow, vehicles will travel in a more orderly and concentrated way, reducing the time they are still and considerably increasing the average speed.
2 – Reduction of transfer times
The consequence of the above item is a more dense and organized flow of vehicles. The time in which it remains stationary will be reduced by up to 40%, significantly reducing travel times. The gains in traffic engineering will be remarkable.
With more “glued to each other” vehicles and organized flow at intersections, bifurcations, and conversions and cruise automation, you can double the flow of cars that travel on a road with only a small portion of autonomous individuals.
3 – Reduction of atmospheric and sound pollution
autonomous car driving vehicles automatically accelerate and brake. Hence, it is deduced that the control of fuel and energy consumption is more efficient in comparison to the models driven by people since the excesses in acceleration and braking occur less frequently.
Add to this a drop in fuel consumption estimated at 20% to 40% with the implementation of automated driving. Thanks to shorter downtime and acceleration, smoother and more orderly pickups and braking, reducing air pollution and noise generated by combustion engine models.
4 – Reducing transit accidents
In opposition to what common sense believes, driverless cars will bring a significant drop in traffic accidents. It should be noted that aeroplanes have been flying autonomously for many decades and are among the safest modes of transport in the world. The result of standalone vehicles should be no different.
The statistics of traffic accidents prove that more than 90% of occurrences are due to human failure. With the autonomous car technology controlled by a computer network, human action in the driving of cars, motorcycles and heavy vehicles will be drastically reduced.
5 – Reduction of the quantity of vehicles in the streets
A conventional car runs an hour daily, on average. It stands still for the other twenty-three, generating costs for its owner. An autonomous model may be in operation for as long as it performs other activities.
The costs of acquiring and maintaining a car are growing steadily, and vehicle sharing systems have been developing for about a decade. For long journeys, the development of commercial aviation makes car travel financially disadvantageous.
6 – Automation of traffic engineering
Autonomous vehicles allow better control of traffic. From there, it becomes possible to automate the routes. Increasing lanes in one direction, intelligent traffic lights and other traffic engineering technologies will reduce travel times and optimize road use.
A detail that will not please everyone is the possibility of tracking the route of all vehicles that circulate on the roads under the operation of the autonomous system, with information such as itinerary, schedules, average speed, driver and occupants of the vehicle, the existence of debts and a whole range of information.
The request of these can serve as evidence in legal proceedings of all kinds, as well as clarification of crimes.
7 – Comfort and convenience
In a stand-alone vehicle, the driver is replaced by the operator. The time spent behind the wheel can be used in other activities since the operator needs less interaction with the vehicle.
Talking on the phone, watching television or videos on the internet, having work meetings, using the computer, writing texts, talking and developing activities that allow the operator to be alert to what happens on the road will bring productivity gains.
8 – Reducing expenditure on fines and taxes
Automated steering depends on road signs to operate efficiently. Thus, the vehicle software operates according to the traffic laws programmed for these models. That said, the possibility of receiving traffic tickets is reduced dramatically in self-guided vehicles due to the strict compliance of their software with the signalling.
This article proposes the following reflection to the reader: if the planes have been autonomous for decades and are among the safest modes, why would not the autonomous cars bring evolution to the transit of land vehicles?